Spanish verbs are grouped in three categories called conjugations: verbs that end in -ar (trabajar, saltar…), verbs that end in -er (correr, leer…), and verbs that end in -ir (sufrir, abrir…). In this grammar exercise you will learn the regular present tense of Spanish verbs ending in -ir.
The regular present tense is the first tense students usually learn, because it is one of the most useful and easy to apply. It is used to speak about events happening in the present or near future, routines, and universal truths and facts.
The fact that there are irregular verbs in Spanish should not scare you. Irregular verbs in Spanish usually suffer modifications in the root, but the endings remain the same. Learn the regular present tense terminations shown below, and you will keep using them for all verbs ending in -ir.
It is very easy to form the Spanish present tense conjugation: remove the ending of the verb (-ir) to find the root of the verb, and then add the following endings to it:
|Yo||Viv-||-o||Yo vivo (viv-o)|
|Tú||-es||Tú vives (viv-es)|
|Él||-e||Él vive (viv-e)|
|Nosotros||-imos||Nosotros vivimos (viv-imos)|
|Vosotros||-ís||Vosotros vivéis (viv-ís)|
|Ellos||-en||Ellos viven (viv-en)|
Examples of regular verbs ending in -ir are: vivir (to live), morir (to die), asistir (to attend), subir (to go up), escribir (to write), cubrir (to cover), abrir (to open), añadir (to add)…
Now that you know the conjugation of the regular present tense in Spanish for verbs ending in -ir, do you want to practice? Download this grammar exercise, and apply what you have learnt. You will soon discover how easy it is
If you want to go further in the study of the Spanish grammar, order our Spanish grammar book, an easy and visual reference book for students of Spanish. And, if you want a full immersion in the Spanish culture to learn Spanish in a better way, check on our Spanish courses in Madrid.