This grammar exercise will help you practice the Spanish accent mark rules. Accent marks are confusing to many students, who do not know where to place an accent mark in a word, or whether a word carries an accent mark at all.
Although it may seem tricky, the Spanish accent mark rules are very simple, and the students in our Spanish classes in Madrid learn this very fast. In fact, you only have to follow two steps: identifying where the stress in the word is and having a look at the last letter of the word (have a look to our Spanish grammar book for a schematical explanation).
The first step is to divide the word into syllables and to identify where the stress lies. When a word is pronounced, one syllable has a stronger stress than the rest. For example, in “Au-to-bús” the stress is in “bús”, in “Co-che” the stress is in “co”, and in “He-li-cóp-te-ro”, the stress is in “cóp”.
Once you have identified where the stress lies, you can classify words into three groups, depending on the position of the stressed syllable, counting from the end:
Once you know in which group the word is, depending on the position of the stressed syllable, the next step is to check which is the last letter of the word. As far as Spanish accent mark rules is concerned, there are two kinds of letters: on the one hand, there are vowels (a, e, i, o, u), “n”, or “s”, and on the other hand there are the rest of consonants. With these two elements in mind, it is easy to place the accent mark following these rules:
Download this free grammar exercise and put this into practice. You already trained words which are “agudas” on the last grammar exercise for Spanish accent mark rules. In this case, you will be practicing words which are “llanas”, and on our next post we will bring you an exercise to practice words which are “esdrújulas”. Keep posted, as at the end there will be an exercise mixing all of them! Let us know your opinion on this exercise, in our Madrid Spanish school we love to hear your feedback.